Interpreting 2 Timothy 1

Let’s first take a look at the whole chapter.

1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, through the will of God, according to a promise of life that [is] in Christ Jesus,

2 to Timotheus, beloved child: Grace, kindness, peace, from God the Father, and Christ Jesus our Lord!

3 I am thankful to God, whom I serve from progenitors in a pure conscience, that unceasingly I have remembrance concerning thee in my supplications night and day,

4 desiring greatly to see thee, being mindful of thy tears, that with joy I may be filled,

5 taking remembrance of the unfeigned faith that is in thee, that dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice, and I am persuaded that also in thee.

6 For which cause I remind thee to stir up the gift of God that is in thee through the putting on of my hands,

7 for God did not give us a spirit of fear, but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind;

8 therefore thou mayest not be ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner, but do thou suffer evil along with the good news according to the power of God,

9 who did save us, and did call with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, that was given to us in Christ Jesus, before the times of the ages,

10 and was made manifest now through the manifestation of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who indeed did abolish death, and did enlighten life and immortality through the good news,

11 to which I was placed a preacher and an apostle, and a teacher of nations,

12 for which cause also these things I suffer, but I am not ashamed, for I have known in whom I have believed, and have been persuaded that he is able that which I have committed to him to guard — to that day.

13 The pattern hold thou of sound words, which from me thou didst hear, in faith and love that [is] in Christ Jesus;

14 the good thing committed guard thou through the Holy Spirit that is dwelling in us;

15 thou hast known this, that they did turn from me — all those in Asia, of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes;

16 may the Lord give kindness to the house of Onesiphorus, because many times he did refresh me, and of my chain was not ashamed,

17 but being in Rome, very diligently he sought me, and found;

18 may the Lord give to him to find kindness from the Lord in that day; and how many things in Ephesus he did minister thou dost very well know.

Many interpret vs 15 to say that two men Phygellus and Hermogenes, abandoned Paul in Rome – along with any other folks from asia who were in Rome at the time. This interpretation is nonsensical when we understand that Onesiphorus, mentioned in verse 16 is also from asia!! For this interpretation to be accurate vs 15 would have to be re-written to say that “all those in asia except Onesiphorus turned from me”.

No, this passage is telling us that all in Asia, all the seven churches that Paul had just established had turned from Paul’s pure doctrines to the corrupt doctrines of men, specifically to the doctrines of Phygellus and Hermogenes.

Note the warning in vs 13 about not adhering to the pattern of sound words that we were given, not guarding them with the Holy Spirit, that our call [vs 9], is not of works but is according to God’s purpose and grace that was given to us in Christ Jesus before time.

This post addresses the doctrines of Phygellus and Hermogenes : Hold Fast To Sound Doctrine

Dear God,

Help folks to appreciate the subtle beginnings of mans decent into strong delusion, to better appreciate theis passage.

All Articles

Interpreting 2 Timothy 1

Interpreting 2 Timothy 1

Interpreting 2 Timothy 1

Interpreting 2 Timothy 1

P.S. Why so many Denominations – Why so much confusion:

The Bible is a Spiritual Book – that must be understood spiritually. It can not be properly understood without the Holy Spirit – without Real Communion Services . It is a sealed book until the veil is lifted, until we are chosen, and we can worship in Spirit and in Truth.

ESV Is 29:9-14

9 Astonish yourselves and be astonished;

blind yourselves and be blind!

Be drunk, but not with wine;

stagger, but not with strong drink!

10 For the LORD has poured out upon you

a spirit of deep sleep,

and has closed your eyes (the prophets),

and covered your heads (the seers).

11And the vision of all this has become to you like the words of a book that is sealed. When men give it to one who can read, saying, “Read this,” he says, “I cannot, for it is sealed.” 12And when they give the book to one who cannot read, saying, “Read this,” he says, “I cannot read.”

13 And the Lord said:

Because this people draw near with their mouth

and honor me with their lips,

while their hearts are far from me,

and their fear of me is a commandment taught by men,

14 therefore, behold, I will again

do wonderful things with this people,

with wonder upon wonder;

and the wisdom of their wise men shall perish,

and the discernment of their discerning men shall be hidden.

God puts his seekers thru this Babylon experience, a time of deception and falling away, because they honor these teachings of men, and their false doctrines. While In Babylon We Are Blind!

YLT Is 42:18-25 Israel is Deaf and Blind

18Ye deaf, hear; and ye blind, look to see.

19Who [is] blind but My servant? And deaf as My messenger I send? Who [is] blind as he who is at peace, Yea, blind, as the servant of Jehovah?

20Seeing many things, and thou observest not, Opening ears, and he heareth not.

21Jehovah hath delight for the sake of His righteousness, He magnifieth law, and maketh honourable.

22And this [is] a people seized and spoiled, Snared in holes — all of them, And in houses of restraint they were hidden, They have been for a prey, And there is no deliverer, A spoil, and none is saying, ‘Restore.’

23Who among you giveth ear [to] this? Attendeth, and heareth afterwards.

24Who hath given Jacob for a spoil, And Israel to the spoilers? Is it not Jehovah — He against whom we sinned? Yea, they have not been willing in His ways to walk, Nor have they hearkened to His law.

25And He poureth on him fury, His anger, and the strength of battle, And it setteth him on fire round about, And he hath not known, And it burneth against him, and he layeth it not to heart!

Who are the folks described here – the servants of Jehova, the messengers that God sends, with open ears but not hearing, seeing but not observing – not willing to walk in God’s ways nor obeying his law?  These are the blind leading the blind. Lets look at the passages on the blind guides.

Matthew 15:7You hypocrites! Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you, for he wrote,

8‘These people honor me with their lips,

but their hearts are far from me.

9Their worship is a farce,

for they teach man-made ideas as commands from God.’d”

10Then Jesus called to the crowd to come and hear. “Listen,” he said, “and try to understand. 11It’s not what goes into your mouth that defiles you; you are defiled by the words that come out of your mouth.”

12Then the disciples came to him and asked, “Do you realize you offended the Pharisees by what you just said?”

13Jesus replied, “Every plant not planted by my heavenly Father will be uprooted, 14so ignore them. They are blind guides leading the blind, and if one blind person guides another, they will both fall into a ditch.”

Matthew 23:13-26

13“What sorrow awaits you teachers of religious law and you Pharisees. Hypocrites! For you shut the door of the Kingdom of Heaven in people’s faces. You won’t go in yourselves, and you don’t let others enter either.

15“What sorrow awaits you teachers of religious law and you Pharisees. Hypocrites! For you cross land and sea to make one convert, and then you turn that person into twice the child of hell you yourselves are!

16“Blind guides! What sorrow awaits you! For you say that it means nothing to swear ‘by God’s Temple,’ but that it is binding to swear ‘by the gold in the Temple.’ 17Blind fools! Which is more important—the gold or the Temple that makes the gold sacred? 18And you say that to swear ‘by the altar’ is not binding, but to swear ‘by the gifts on the altar’ is binding. 19How blind! For which is more important—the gift on the altar or the altar that makes the gift sacred? 20When you swear ‘by the altar,’ you are swearing by it and by everything on it. 21And when you swear ‘by the Temple,’ you are swearing by it and by God, who lives in it. 22And when you swear ‘by heaven,’ you are swearing by the throne of God and by God, who sits on the throne.

23“What sorrow awaits you teachers of religious law and you Pharisees. Hypocrites! For you are careful to tithe even the tiniest income from your herb gardens,g but you ignore the more important aspects of the law—justice, mercy, and faith. You should tithe, yes, but do not neglect the more important things. 24Blind guides! You strain your water so you won’t accidentally swallow a gnat, but you swallow a camel!h

25“What sorrow awaits you teachers of religious law and you Pharisees. Hypocrites! For you are so careful to clean the outside of the cup and the dish, but inside you are filthy—full of greed and self-indulgence! 26You blind Pharisee! First wash the inside of the cup and the dish, and then the outside will become clean, too.


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